Diabetic cardiomyopathy is a cardiac dysfunction with a prevalence of 12% in diabetic patients. The precise pathophysiological mechanism leading to the development of thisspecific type of cardiomyopathy is complex and not completely yet known. Since 1972, when the definition of diabetic cardiomyopathy wasintroduced, until today significant progress has been made in its diagnosis and treatment. The earlier the diagnosis is made by using mainly echocardiography, the higher the chances of reversing the progression of the disease to overt failure. Thisreview aimsto summarize the various diagnostic methods, current prevention approaches, and innovative treatment strategies.
Keywords: Cardiac dysfunction, diabetes mellitus, diabetic cardiomyopathy